Friday, March 13, 2015

Netflix Speed Graph over Time

As we learn about the new "Net Neutrality" rules from the FCC, I thought it would be interesting to share the graph from the Netflix Speed Report of average Netflix access speed for various carriers over time.  Of note, things got much better in Sept. 2014 when interconnection arrangements were improved for several major carriers.

Wednesday, March 11, 2015

3D Scan/Print Kiosks Review

I recently ran into two 3D scan/print kiosks in malls.  The first is DOOB, which has kiosks at Santa Monica Place, CA (just off Third Street Promenade) and Chelsea Market NYC.  The kiosk has a very large cylindrical room with a wall covered with cameras and lights.  You walk in, get captured instantly by the cameras, and then they ship you the prints in about two weeks.  Prints go up to 14 inches tall, but they are a little expensive, so I went for the cheapest one (4 inches tall).  The result is cool, but looks a bit "out of focus":

DOOB does not give you the mesh file, which is sad.

Then I ran into Twindom, which has studio locations in San Mateo, CA, Houston, TX, and a kiosk at the Valley Fair Mall in Santa Clara, CA.  They also had a cylindrical "Twinstant" room with 91 cameras.  Unlike DOOB, "Twinstant" appears to use typical consumer DSLRs (you can hear them click), and it takes about a second for them all to snap a shot.  The prints I saw at the kiosk were clearly inferior to DOOB, so I did not bother with a print, but they said I could get a scan and download the mesh file, so I went for it.  Here is my mesh in mesh lab:

Overall the mesh looks OK, but a closeup of my face shows a lot of problems.  I think it might be useful if they dedicated some zoomed in cameras for enhanced photogrametry in the face.  As human beings, we are more likely to notice problems in the face than problems with your pants, etc.

My verdict:  Given the huge number of cameras in these rooms, I was expecting better results.  However I will admit that there is no simple way to quickly and affordably do an "instant" scan your entire body except for DOOB & Twindom.  My experiments with structured light Kinect & Scanect where I had to spin around on a chair without moving much did not do much better with my face.

On the other hand, if you just want to capture a 3D mesh of your face or torso, you are better off freezing in one place and letting a friend take 10 or so good shots with a DSLR and then process them into a mesh with Autocad 123D Catch.

That said, my kids are happy that I can now hang out with Peppa Pig and her friends!

Tuesday, March 10, 2015

Long Loops and Slow US Internet Access Speeds

Like many people, I've been wondering why the US seems to lag many other countries on Internet access speeds.

Here is a key issue:  Our twisted-pair copper local loop infrastructure has longer local loops:

(source "Explaining International Broadband Leadership", The Information & Technology Innovation Foundation)

Because we have longer local loops, DSL speeds are always going to be slower than countries with shorter local loops.  For example, loops over 3km are never going to see 10 Mbps DSL:

Why does the US have such long local loops?  This is a question I don't have a good answer to.  I do not believe it is just that the US is more rural, as I have heard complaints about 3 km local loops in fairly urban areas.  Australia also has lots of rural areas, but it has shorter local loops on average.

It is possible that it is because the US adopted electronic telephone switching before other countries, and/or perhaps there were stronger forces driving Central Office consolidation.  You can imagine that with 4 km local loops, one CO can serve the same area as 7 COs with 1.5 km local loops.  Thus it is more efficient for telephony to have fewer central offices and longer local loops, but it turns out to be bad years later for DSL.

Because of this, the highest speed broadband in the US is going to be dominated by cable (DOCSIS), Fiber to the Node (FTTN), and Fiber to the Home (FTTH), in order of expense and speed.  But a lot of people are cheap, and like DSL.  Plus DSL runs on telephony infrastructure that is already run almost everywhere, while the other faster technologies need newer build-outs.  So this structural difference will likely keep US average Internet speeds down even while higher speed services like 1 Gbps FTTH Google Fiber is being deployed.

There also is a competitive issue - the slow DSL reduces the pressure on alternative connectivity mechanisms to deliver faster service.

That said, Americans are getting faster average Internet speeds over time, now doubling every three years. Here is a graph based on data from The Akamai State of the Internet Reports:

Wednesday, December 03, 2014

First run with Kinect Xbox & Skanect

So I went ahead and picked up a Kinect for Xbox and Skanect (for Mac).  By the way, the Kinect came with a power supply, so I didn't need to purchase a separate power supply.

Skanect was pretty easy to use.  I'm not totally happy with the mesh from this first run result, so I'll have to work on refining either my scanning technique or learning how to smooth meshes in Blender.

Saturday, November 22, 2014

Dorkbot SoCal 57 on Dec. 7

Dorkbot SoCal 57

***** Sunday, December 7, 2014
***** 12:00 noon to 2:00pm
***** Machine Project
***** 1200 D North Alvarado Street
***** Los Angeles, CA 90026
***** Google map of Machine Project

Speakers will include...

Brian Goeltzenleuchter

Scenting the antiseptic institution For over eight years Brian Goeltzenleuchter has designed olfactory-based art installations which disseminate scent in one of the most antiseptic of institutions, the art museum. While designing evocative smells might appear to be the olfactory artist's primary creative challenge, Brian's presentation will point to another challenge that is often overlooked for its technical and creative potential: The device itself used to transmit the scent. Using as case studies four recent art projects, Brian's Dorkbot presentation will consider a variety of scent distribution devices - from lower tech to higher tech - and offer technical, poetic and conceptual justification for his choice of each. The presentation will conclude with a description of a forthcoming project, and a challenge to the audience to identify solutions to the challenges it poses in distributing scent. 


Soyoung Shin

Soyoung lives in Los Angeles, California, USA. She graduated in 2011 from the University of Washington with a Bachelors of Science in Computer Science. She has a post-disciplinary practice that includes sculpture, performance, video, photography, and technology. Soyoung enjoys the intersection of media and science, and her work uses new technologies to create connections between viewers and ideas. Using found advertisements and a readymade discount robotic teddy bear, "THE 50% OFF BALLET" calls attention toward underlying attitudes which frame Valentine's Day. This piece places the viewer in a position where they are provided messaging from media ranging from musical typical of the holiday, to what could be considered perverse. 


Brian Matthews

Since engineer/artist Brian Matthews made his first pair of mechanical wings in 1998, wing making became his passion. He has made 17 pairs of wings varying in materials and operation from simple pulley opening to pneumatics and robotic control. Most recently, he built a robotic "extra hand", and a 3D printed robotic parrot called "Pollymer". 


Adam Florin

Adam will present a software system for creating generative music called Loom. Loom produces music by using random number generation to distort its internal model of musical "gesture". The project came out of his research and practice at CalArts.


Wednesday, November 12, 2014

Receiving Multicast on Ubuntu 12.04.4 LTS

If you are running Ubuntu 12.04.4 LTS, you may be surprised that you cannot receive multicast packets in your programs using the normal socket interface, but then you run tcpdump and can receive the multicast packets just fine.  You also might be surprised that you can send multicast packets just fine from your programs, but cannot receive them.

It turns out that you need to do this (as root):

echo 2 > /proc/sys/net/ipv4/conf/eth0/rp_filter

On every interface you wish to receive multicast packets on.

If you want the changes to rp_filter to be permanent, you need to add the changes to /etc/sysctl.conf and you may also want to tweak /etc/sysctl.d/10-network-security.conf

A great way to test the reception of multicast packets is "mcfirst", part of the ssmping package ("apt-get install sampling" to install).  mcfirst will let you listen to any group,port on any network interface.

"netstat -gn" will show you which multicast groups your network interfaces are subscribed to.

Tuesday, November 04, 2014

Open vSwitch on Ubuntu

OMG, don't try to build Open vSwitch from source if you can avoid it, if you are on Ubuntu just follow these steps to apt-get it, and then it builds the database and runs itself.

The problem is that most normal people just want to run ovs in a VM with mininet, but I wanted to run it on a real bare-metal server with actual traffic.